Explore further In their paper, the oceanographers from Scripps, point out not only the fact that the fault below the Salton Sea is about due to set off an earthquake as large as 7.5 that could very well effect Los Angeles if the shaking moves from south to north following the fault line, but that such a quake could also cause the soil in the local bays and estuaries to liquefy; something that could cause nearby buildings to sink into the earth, such as that which happened in Japan’s latest earthquake.The researchers also raise the question of whether the relatively recent creation of the lake might have altered the time-table of earthquakes in the region, as the massive weight of all that water sits atop the fault, possibly holding everything in place, until such forces become too great, which could of course mean, the area would be in for an earthquake of historical proportions, if it does finally give way. Citation: Scientists focus on Salton Sea as possible earthquake risk (2011, June 27) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-06-scientists-focus-salton-sea-earthquake.html This map shows the current Salton Sea boundaries and outline of Lake Cahuilla at its peak size as well as locations of major area faults. Credit: Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San Diego The recent earthquake occurred near the Salton Sea, in conjunction with another across the Mexican border near Mexicali, and was small, measuring just 3.0 on the Richter scale; not enough to cause any real damage, but it does back up the claims made by the Scripps Institute scientists.The Salton Sea, the largest lake in California, with a salt concentration higher than the ocean, is in the Imperial Valley, and is about a three hour drive east from either Los Angeles or San Diego, and has only recently come under scrutiny by earthquake scientists due to the discovery that the lake was covering a portion of the infamous San Andreas Fault. Another complicating factor is the fact that the Salton Sea only came to exist in 1905 when above average amounts of snowmelt caused flooding of the Colorado River, filling the huge saltwater basin. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2010 PhysOrg.com Then-Scripps graduate student Danny Brothers surveys sediments near Salton Sea in 2007. Credit: Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San Diego New study sheds light on earthquake hazard along San Andreas Fault More information: Loading of the San Andreas fault by flood-induced rupture of faults beneath the Salton Sea, Nature Geoscience (2011) doi:10.1038/ngeo1184AbstractThe southern San Andreas fault has not experienced a large earthquake for approximately 300 years, yet the previous five earthquakes occurred at ~180-year intervals. Large strike-slip faults are often segmented by lateral stepover zones. Movement on smaller faults within a stepover zone could perturb the main fault segments and potentially trigger a large earthquake. The southern San Andreas fault terminates in an extensional stepover zone beneath the Salton Sea—a lake that has experienced periodic flooding and desiccation since the late Holocene. Here we reconstruct the magnitude and timing of fault activity beneath the Salton Sea over several earthquake cycles. We observe coincident timing between flooding events, stepover fault displacement and ruptures on the San Andreas fault. Using Coulomb stress models, we show that the combined effect of lake loading, stepover fault movement and increased pore pressure could increase stress on the southern San Andreas fault to levels sufficient to induce failure. We conclude that rupture of the stepover faults, caused by periodic flooding of the palaeo-Salton Sea and by tectonic forcing, had the potential to trigger earthquake rupture on the southern San Andreas fault. Extensional stepover zones are highly susceptible to rapid stress loading and thus the Salton Sea may be a nucleation point for large ruptures on the southern San Andreas fault. (PhysOrg.com) — In a bit of coincidental news, no sooner had earthquake scientists posted warnings about the instability of the southern part of the San Andreas Fault hidden beneath the Salton Sea, than an earthquake struck; albeit it, a rather small one, in just that part of southern California. The study, by the Scripps Institute for Oceanography, just published in Nature Geoscience, points out the alarming fact that the fault beneath the Salton Sea has a track record of producing serious earthquakes with regularity every 180 years or so, but has now gone without producing one for 325.
Citation: Indian hacker lords have Symantec antivirus code (2012, January 7) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-01-indian-hacker-lords-symantec-antivirus.html Naughty Norton: Symantec Fixes Flaw in Security Software © 2011 PhysOrg.com (PhysOrg.com) — An Indian hacker group called The Lords of Dharmaraja has laid claim to Symantec’s antivirus software code. Symantec, confirming the theft in an e-mail posted Friday, said the chunk of pilfered code was stolen from a third party, was old, and that its own network had not been breached. The group had announced they got the code and confidential information. “Symantec can confirm that a segment of its source code used in two of our older enterprise products has been accessed, one of which has been discontinued,” according to a spokesman for Symantec. Explore further The stolen code is four to five years old and the Mountain View, California, company stressed that the there were no signs that customer information had been tampered with, and they stated that their own security networks had not been breached. The Lords of Dharmaraja say they took the files from Indian military intelligence servers.A hacker from the group, Yama Tough, provided security site Infosec Island with files that appeared to contain source code from the 2006 version of Norton Antivirus. The site passed the code on to Symantec, which confirmed that the code was genuine. Symantec also pointed out that the exposed source code corresponded to its enterprise products. Outside Symantec, reports said that the hackers gained access to source code related to Symantec Endpoint Protection (SEP) 11.0 and Symantec Antivirus 10.2; both were reportedly sitting on the Indian military servers. The Symantec Antivirus 10.2 was five years old and was discontinued but, according to Reuters, is still being serviced. SEP 11.0, utilized to block outgoing data from being leaked, was four years old and had been updated regularly since. Security experts outside the company appear to concur with Symantec that the incident is unwelcome but not catastrophic. Fundamentally, the reaction was that there was not much the hackers could do with what they got. “As someone who worked in the industry, I don’t see a tremendous security risk to the source code release itself,” said contributor Kevin McAleavey, architect of the KNOS secure operating system and antimalware researcher, in Infosec Island.He said the code was pre-Vista, was not 64-bit compatible, and the newer safe functions were not in use. Looking the code over, he concluded that it was indeed “genuine Symantec source code from an ancient version of their antivirus,” but at the same time could only be looked upon “by us antimalware coders as a museum exhibit, not an actual threat.” While security watchers did not see any serious consumer risks, the question being asked is, whether it is trophy, museum piece, or act of breach, however termed, but at what enterprise-business price? Analysts say that any hacker publicity involving a security software company can never be an easy ride for the affected vendor. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
© 2014 Phys.org Citation: Researcher devises a new way to mimic Hawking radiation in a lab (2014, October 13) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-10-mimic-hawking-lab.html Journal information: Nature Hawking radiation, it is believed, occurs when one of a matter/anti-matter particle pair is pulled into a black hole and the other is not, leaving the one that isn’t, to flow freely in space. The idea was first proposed by famed physicist Stephen Hawking back in 1974, and ever since, physicists have been trying to either detect it emanating from a black hole, or recreate it in a lab somehow. Thus far, no one has been able to do either, though Steinhauer claims his work comes very close.Steinhauer’s experiments are based on the theory that quantum fluids should be able to mimic what happens at a black hole’s event horizon—to that end, he uses sound rather than light. He first cooled several rubidium atoms to just above absolute zero, causing them behave as a single fluid quantum object. Next, he used a laser to cause the fluid to move—faster than sound travels. This caused sound waves to become trapped, mimicking the impact of gravity within a black hole. The setup resulted in pairs of sound waves being created and just as suddenly disappearing, mimicking the matter/anti-matter particles near a black hole. And just like the black hole, sometimes one of the paired particles was pulled in, while the other was not—mimicking Hawking radiation. Steinhauer then amplified the amount of “radiation” by setting up a secondary event horizon, which caused the free sound waves to bounce back and forth, building up enough to allow for measurement.While Steinhauer’s experiments do clearly mimic action described by Hawking’s theory, it’s still not exactly clear if what he’s done truly mimics what occurs with real black holes. Undaunted, he is continuing with the work, hoping to devise a method that doesn’t require amplification, which would more closely resemble real black holes. Whether the experiments conducted by Steinhauer truly mimic black holes or not, it appears likely that what he’s done has not only furthered the science and given more credence to Hawking radiation, but it’s also laid a path for more research in the future. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Black holes do not exist as we thought they did An artist’s concept of a growing black hole. Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech , Nature Physics Physicist Jeff Steinhauer, with the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology in Israel has devised a means for mimicking Hawking radiation in his lab. In his paper published in the journal Nature Physics, he describes what he did in his lab and why he believes his experiments likely mimic real Hawking radiation. Giovanni Modugno offers a News & Views piece on the work in the same journal issue. Explore further More information: Nature DOI: 10.1038/nature.2014.16131
More information: Topic Model Based Multi-Label Classification from the Crowd, arXiv:1604.00783 [cs.LG] arxiv.org/abs/1604.0783AbstractMulti-label classification is a common supervised machine learning problem where each instance is associated with multiple classes. The key challenge in this problem is learning the correlations between the classes. An additional challenge arises when the labels of the training instances are provided by noisy, heterogeneous crowdworkers with unknown qualities. We first assume labels from a perfect source and propose a novel topic model where the present as well as the absent classes generate the latent topics and hence the words. We non-trivially extend our topic model to the scenario where the labels are provided by noisy crowdworkers. Extensive experimentation on real world datasets reveals the superior performance of the proposed model. The proposed model learns the qualities of the annotators as well, even with minimal training data. (Phys.org)—A team of scientists has recently presented evidence of an unexpected drop in the observed magnetic field of an accreting pulsar designated V0332+53. This downturn, observed after the pulsar underwent a bright, three-month-long X-ray outburst, could yield important information on how the accreted mass settling on the surface of a neutron star affects its magnetic field. The findings are detailed in a paper published online on Apr. 26 in the arXiv journal. Journal information: arXiv V0332+53 is an accreting pulsar emitting X-ray radiation, with a spin period of 4.4 seconds. It orbits an early type companion star in an eccentric orbit of about 34 days. Significantly, this pulsar shows sporadic giant X-ray outbursts lasting several weeks, followed by years-long intervals of dormancy.These X-ray outburst were observed in 1989, between November 2004 and February 2005, and between June and September 2015. The latest outburst drew the attention of a team of researchers, led by Giancarlo Cusumano of the Institute of Space Astrophysics and Cosmic Physics in Palermo, Italy. Using the Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) and the X-Ray Telescope (XRT), both mounted on NASA’s Swift spacecraft, the astronomers were able to observe the pulsar in soft X-ray and high-energy bands.By studying the results, the team detected a noteworthy drop in the observed magnetic field between the onset and the end of the outburst.”The comparison of the XRT profiles in the soft X-rays provides a hint against the hypothesis of a geometrical beam variation. If, on the other hand, the line-forming region is the same at equal luminosities, the observed difference in the cyclotron energy corresponds to a difference in the magnetic field of about 1.7 ×1011 G,” the researchers wrote in the paper.The findings could be crucial for our understanding of matter accretion processes in neutron stars and could provide new insights on pulsars’ X-ray outburst events. According to the research, the magnetic field of neutron star drives the accreting matter along its field lines towards the magnetic polar caps, forming an accretion column, where matter is followed up by radiative processes that produce X-rays.Notably, the drop in the magnetic field, as described in the latest paper, wasn’t observed after previous outbursts. The researchers found out that although the total mass accreted at the end of the 2004-2005 and the 2015 outburst is similar, during the 2004-2005 event, a higher luminosity was reached earlier. They also concluded that decay of the magnetic field is not directly proportional to the total accreted mass.Moreover, the scientists hypothesize that the cause of the significant decay of the magnetic field through accretion observed at V0332+53could be due to “diamagnetic screening.””In this hypothesis, the accreting plasma builds up to form a magnetically confined mound, where the gas pressure balances the magnetic stresses. This would produce, as an overall effect, a distortion of the field lines observed as a decrease of the field component along the accretion column,” the paper reads.However, as the team noted, the lack of coverage in the first ten days of the outburst doesn’t allow them to confirm this theory. Citation: Scientists detect unexpected drop in the magnetic field of an X-ray pulsar (2016, May 5) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-05-scientists-unexpected-magnetic-field-x-ray.html The pulsar pictured here, which resides in the Messier 82 galaxy 12 million light-years away, sends out X-ray beams that pass Earth every 1.37 seconds. Scientists studying this object with NuSTAR originally thought it was a massive black hole, but its X-ray pulse revealed its true pulsar identity. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech Explore further A magnetic monster’s dual personality This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2016 Phys.org
© 2017 Phys.org Explore further Far fewer women than men receive bachelor’s degrees in the STEM fields (just 13 to 33 percent), despite women comprising approximately 56 percent of all students attending college in the United States. Dasgupta and Dennehy note that the disparity is most notable in engineering. They suggest the reason that women choose to drop out or to change majors is because many such environments are unfriendly, or even hostile to female students. Quite often, female students are made to feel as if they do not belong. They note also that some efforts have been made to make such environments friendlier, but thus far, little progress has been made. They wondered if female students in such fields might benefit from having a female mentor. To find out, they enlisted the assistance of 150 people (male and female) working as engineers to serve as mentors for 150 female engineering students during their freshman year. The students met with their mentor once a month and were interviewed by the research pair three times during their first year and then again, a year later.The researchers found that the female students were much more likely to continue to pursue their engineering degree if they had a female mentor, but not if they had a male mentor (18 percent of them dropped out) or no mentor (11 percent dropped out). They report that all of the female students given a female mentor chose to continue with their major their second year. They also note that mentoring appeared to have a lasting impact, as most of those assigned female mentors reported plans to continue with their engineering degree into their third year. Citation: Study finds female students less likely to drop engineering program if female mentored (2017, May 22) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-05-female-students.html Study shows unexpected path for women to major in science (Phys.org)—A pair of researchers with the University of Massachusetts has found evidence that suggests women are more likely to continue to pursue a degree in engineering if they have a female mentor. Nilanjana Dasgupta, an instructor, and her Ph.D. student Tara Dennehy paired first-year female engineering majors with older mentors for a year and then looked at the impact mentoring had the decision to continue pursuing their degree as they moved into their second year. They have published their findings in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Credit: CC0 Public Domain More information: Female peer mentors early in college increase women’s positive academic experiences and retention in engineering, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2017). www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1613117114AbstractScientific and engineering innovation is vital for American competitiveness, quality of life, and national security. However, too few American students, especially women, pursue these fields. Although this problem has attracted enormous attention, rigorously tested interventions outside artificial laboratory settings are quite rare. To address this gap, we conducted a longitudinal field experiment investigating the effect of peer mentoring on women’s experiences and retention in engineering during college transition, assessing its impact for 1 y while mentoring was active, and an additional 1 y after mentoring had ended. Incoming women engineering students (n = 150) were randomly assigned to female or male peer mentors or no mentors for 1 y. Their experiences were assessed multiple times during the intervention year and 1-y postintervention. Female (but not male) mentors protected women’s belonging in engineering, self-efficacy, motivation, retention in engineering majors, and postcollege engineering aspirations. Counter to common assumptions, better engineering grades were not associated with more retention or career aspirations in engineering in the first year of college. Notably, increased belonging and self-efficacy were significantly associated with more retention and career aspirations. The benefits of peer mentoring endured long after the intervention had ended, inoculating women for the first 2 y of college—the window of greatest attrition from science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors. Thus, same-gender peer mentoring for a short period during developmental transition points promotes women’s success and retention in engineering, yielding dividends over time.Press release This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Going with the flow. A new swimmer design is a sphere that collapses and re-inflates with changes in the applied pressure. The swimmer takes on slightly different shapes during the two phases of the deflation–re-inflation cycle, which generates asymmetric flow in the surrounding fluid (arrows) that allows it to make forward progress. Credit: A. Djellouli/CNRS/Grenoble Alps Univ. FDA issues warning about balloon obesity treatments Journal information: Physical Review Letters Play The swimmer moves forward by about a millimeter with each cycle in glycerol. Credit: A. Djellouli et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. (2017) © 2017 Tech Xplore Medical researchers have been searching for a way to send tiny robots through the body to deliver drugs or to perform microsurgery, but have faced many hurdles in achieving that goal. One obstacle involves operating a tiny robot in an environment dominated by viscous forces. Because of this, researchers have limited options for robot propulsion. Natural microorganisms get around the problem by changing their shape in different directions depending on whether they are involved in a propulsive stroke, or returning to an original form. Mimicking this activity has proven to be difficult in the lab. In this new effort, the researchers have found an entirely new way to propel a tiny robot moving in a high-viscosity environment.The new approach entails creating a balloon of sorts with a top half that has thinner walls than the bottom half. When the balloon is filled with air, it appears the same as other balloons, as a mostly spherical shape. But when air is removed from the new balloon, the top half deflates while the bottom half retains its shape, creating first a flattened configuration and then a dimple. When the balloon is deflated while immersed in a high-viscosity fluid, it moves in the direction of the dimple due to friction between the liquid and the surface of the dimple. But because the balloon regains its shape in a different way during inflation, the balloon is not pulled back to its original position.The researchers built a balloon prototype with a diameter of just 5cm and a small air hose. The balloon was then placed into a liquid that was 10,000 times more viscous than water. They report that they were able to maneuver the balloon forward by repeatedly filling it with air and then releasing the pressure. They suggest future models could use ultrasound to inflate and deflate the balloon to propel them inside of the body. PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen More information: Adel Djellouli et al. Buckling Instability Causes Inertial Thrust for Spherical Swimmers at All Scales, Physical Review Letters (2017). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.224501 , On Arxiv: https://arxiv.org/abs/1710.07033ABSTRACTMicroswimmers, and among them aspirant microrobots, generally have to cope with flows where viscous forces are dominant, characterized by a low Reynolds number (Re). This implies constraints on the possible sequences of body motion, which have to be nonreciprocal. Furthermore, the presence of a strong drag limits the range of resulting velocities. Here, we propose a swimming mechanism which uses the buckling instability triggered by pressure waves to propel a spherical, hollow shell. With a macroscopic experimental model, we show that a net displacement is produced at all Re regimes. An optimal displacement caused by nontrivial history effects is reached at intermediate Re. We show that, due to the fast activation induced by the instability, this regime is reachable by microscopic shells. The rapid dynamics would also allow high-frequency excitation with standard traveling ultrasonic waves. Scale considerations predict a swimming velocity of order 1 cm/s for a remote-controlled microrobot, a suitable value for biological applications such as drug delivery. Explore further Citation: Balloon shaped micro-robot able to move through highly viscous fluid (2017, November 29) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-11-balloon-micro-robot-highly-viscous-fluid.html (Phys.org)—A team of researchers at Université Grenoble Alpes has developed a new way to propel an object through highly viscous fluids. In their paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters, the group describes their idea and how well prototypes worked when tested. , arXiv This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
The long wait for the official day to celebrate love is finally over. But if you have now finally gotten exhausted searching for that perfect gift, we would ask you to do something mature and poke fun at the concept of love instead. Go for Do You Really Love Me? The play is being staged in the Capital by theatre group Dramatech. The play is a dark comedy in English which looks at love from a different perspective and talks about loving and being loved. It deals with different sets of emotions connected with love and situations that a couple have to face. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’It is not easy to express your feelings and lay your heart out in open. Do You Really Love Me? is a combination of two short plays and both of them highlight how difficult and hard it is to express your emotion and say these words to ‘the other half’, whether you are 17 or 70.Act 1 is a light and simple presentation. It is a humourous piece that has dialogues between two old men — one a shy and hopeless bachelor and the other a player — on the art of impressing a woman. Act 2 on the other hand is the serious bit which experiments and explores the relationship dynamics between men and women at various stages of life. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixWhen you talk about love, you think of all the fairytales and happy endings while skipping over the aspects that can actually make or break your relationship. The fights, the feeling of insecurity, the pain and hurt, it all tests your love and in a way, strengthens the bond between two people.Talking about the play, Rahul Sachdeva, director, explains: ‘It is a different interpretation of love. It is not a sappy and mushy tale. It looks at love through a different dimension and presents a different edition of love and what it does to people in terms of insecurity, pain and other darker emotions.’The play has been written by Naushil Mehta. Don’t miss out on this interesting piece . Explore the other side of the love and by the time you are through watching the play, you will feel closer to your loved one, which as Rahul points out, is the objective of the play.DETAILAt: Shri Ram Centre, Safdar hashmi Marg, Mandi House When: 14 February Timings: 7pm for tickets, log on to: www.bookmyshow.com
Kolkata: A war of words had erupted on Twitter between Netaji’s grandnephew Chandra Kumar Bose and Tripura Governor Tathagata Roy on whether the goat, too, should be considered as “mothers” by the Hindus. Bose, the vice president of BJP’s West Bengal unit, cited Mahatma Gandhi and his food habits on July 25 to put across his point that Hindus should stop eating goat meat. “Gandhi ji used to stay in my grandfather-Sarat Chandra Bose’s house at 1 Woodburn Park in Kolkata. He demanded goat’s milk! Two goats brought to the house for this purpose. Gandhi protector of Hindus treated goats as Mata by consuming goats milk. Hindus stop eating goat’s meat (sic),” Bose tweeted. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal life In response, Tathagata Roy said neither Gandhiji nor Netaji revered goats as mothers. “Neither Gandhiji nor your grandfather ever said goats were Mata-that’s your conclusion. Nor did Gandhiji (or anyone else) ever proclaim that he was the protector of Hindus. We Hindus regard the cow as our mother, not the goat. Please don’t peddle such rot,” Roy said in a tweet the day after. Bose, while explaining his tweet, further said that he used Gandhiji’s reference as a metaphor. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killed “One must realise the subtlety and metaphorical meaning of my tweet. My message to the political fraternity don’t mix up religion with politics. We must protect animals but not at the cost of humans (sic),” he said. In another tweet in this context, the Bengal BJP vice president yesterday drew parallels between beef and goat meat. “It’s time to put things in the right perspective! Stop telling people what they should eat. If you don’t allow people to eat beef- stop eating goat’s meat. Don’t mix-up religion with politics. Politics has nothing to do with any religion,” he tweeted yesterday. Talking to PTI today, Bose explained why he considered goat a sacred animal. “I tried to use it as a reference. In many parts of the country, goats were sacrificed during worship of Goddess Kali. If the goat is not a sacred animal then why was it used during worship of Kali. By that logic we should not consume goat,” he added. The state BJP unit declined to comment on the Twitter war.
Everything is gaining pace in today’s world including music. From a rapid turn in the beats to lyrics, music today, has taken the music industry by storm which is evident from the songs and albums being released. Whether Bollywood or regional cinema, film industry as a whole isn’t devoid of this change. The most affected are the lyrics.To delve deeper and to gain insight into the cause of this change, Javed Akhtar, who has witnessed and withheld the evolution and the highs and lows of the Hindi film and music industry, shared his experience and thoughts on the ever-changing Hindi music industry, when he was recently in the Capital for an event. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’ How do you deem the change in terms of language and lyrics that has betided in the music industry?Language and vocabulary is gradually shrinking in the society. Literature is no longer on the list of priorities and the upcoming generations are not being exposed to literature and good poetry. We have lost our proverbs, idioms which were frequently used by our generation. With the onset of globalisation and industrialisation, English has become more important, although I’m not denying the importance of English in the present times. The problem is that we are learning this language at the cost of our own languages. For instance how many teenagers or kids have seen books of poetry at their homes or how many parents read to their kids or encourage healthy reading habits… So until and unless the young generation is exposed to good poetry and language or they are made to realise the importance of learning literature, we cannot expect things to change. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with Netflix How do you think we can get past this?Well it’s not that complicated as it seems. There a lot of things which the present generation has no idea about such as traditions and forms of literature and the essence of languages and there are various technological aspects of music and beats which our generation is clueless about. So if different generations exchange their respective knowledge on the basis of mutual understanding then things are sure to get better in the future. You recently were in the Capital for an event which was held to promote Urdu as a language. Do you think such events are helpful in restoring the diminished entity of our perennial form of languages?Of course they are! I do feel that such events are helpful and they should be held more often as one thing that I generally notice in these events is that the majority of audience is comprised of the youngsters. Basically, what I feel is that the youth today is quite inquisitive and they do want to know about traditions and get involved without any support. But only if they are supported and provided a bit of extra help and access to relevant information, they can definitely bring about change and help in restoring the diminished entity of traditions and languages. Javed Akhtar- as a scriptwriter or a lyricist, which one is your favourite?Well to answer your question, I’d like to say that when one starts to think in that direction where one is only concerned about his/ her fame and the work he does only becomes a subject to recognition, I feel that, that stage is the beginning of insanity for that person. And Javed is best as a scriptwriter or as a lyricist, according to me, shouldn’t be important and what should be is to fair well, fulfill the responsibilities and act as per the demands of the work that’s at hand, rest is unimportant and immaterial. So basically think about your work and not about yourself! Writing in Hindi or Urdu, which one is preferable to you?I mostly write in Urdu but when the question arises as to what’s more preferable- writing in Hindi or Urdu, I don’t think it’s a matter of preference as both languages carry their essence, which in itself is important.
As part of the second India International Science Festival (IISF-2016), a four-day competitive International Science Film Festival is going to be organised by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)’s constituent laboratory National Physical Laboratory (NPL), with the association of Vijnan Bharati (VIBHA) on the behalf of Ministry of S&T and Ministry of Earth Sciences. Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister of S&T and Minister of Earth Sciences will be inaugurating the International Science Film Festival on December 8 at NPL’s Pusa Road Campus. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThe festival aims to encourage young science filmmakers and science enthusiasts for science communication, to foster awareness of science amongst people, and to inculcate scientific temper among them. 85 competitive Indian films on various themes of science & technology, environment and health are going to be screened in the festival. Out of 85, 13 films from student category and 24 films from the professional category have been shortlisted. These films will be awarded by the bench of jury in each category. This platform also gives the opportunity to the amateur filmmakers to showcase their talent. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive28 Internationally acclaimed and awards winning foreign films from countries like Israel, USA, UK, Sweden, France, Russia, Germany and Norway are to be screened at the film festival. Indian films on science, health and environment will be screened during the festival. During the inaugural session on December 8, at 10 AM, two films from Israel Space Agency and Ministry of S&T, Israel will be screened. An Indian film made by ARIES-DST – 3.6 Meter Devasthal Optical Telescope – Reaching Stars & Beyond from Himalayas will also be screened. A competition for Indian professional and student film makers has been organised where short duration science films are invited on various themes relevant to the country’s scientific aspirations and several social issues such as health, food safety, climate and ideas & innovations. Film based communication is an attractive and dynamic facet of engagement with different audiences due to its unique synthesis of multimedia systems including audio, video, animation, and graphics, etc. The initiative recognizes the effort and contribution of film producers in the specialized areas of science and technology and motivates them to develop this unique profession of science film making with innovative quality content especially relevant to our country. Three workshops on science film making and science communication by Veteran Science Film Maker Dr. Mike Pandey, Senior Science Film Academician Prof. Iftekhar Ahmad and Internationally recognised Scientoon Dr. Pradeep Srivastava will be screened and further followed by a panel discussion during the mega show of science films.